June 1981 /$1.25/UK60p

Skinscapes: Photos by Norman Hatton


Guerrilla theatre: links and laughter

Performer Gay Bell is bringing men and women together to roll in the aisles, p 25

Ontario: last shot at human rights?

Protection for gay people is on the agenda again and it may be the last round, p 1 1


Passion, politii and pornography

Jane Rule finds genuine power and hot air in Andrea Dwor kin's latest book, p 27

Fashion riots!

It's Mayor Art Eggleton to the rescue (well, sort of) in Part II of "The Day the Homos Disappeared." p43



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- Kurt Hitler, 1921 -

The Collective

John Allec, Christine Bearchell, Rick Btbout,

Leo Casey, Gerald Hannon, Ed Jackson,

Stephen MacDonald, Tim McCaskell, Ken Popert,

Roger Spalding, Robert Trow

Design/ Art Direction Kirk Kelly/Rick Bebout

The News Gerald Hannon

Chris Bearchell, Ed Jackson, Bill Loos,

Elinor Mahoney, Peter Mohns. Craig Patterson,

Ken Popert, Roger Spalding, Brenda Steiger,

Robert Trow, Eric Walberg, (Toronto News Staff)

Maurice Beaulieu (Quebec), Ron Dayman (Montreal),

David Garmaise (Ottawa), Ric Langford (Victoria),

Robin Metcalfe (Halifax), Stuart Russell (Montreal),

Paul Wollaston (London)

International Tim McCaskell, Leo Casey

Our Image John Allec, Stephen MacDonald

Andy Fabo, Martha Fleming, John Fletcher, Jon Kaplan, Gerry Oxford. Stephen Stuckey

Features Rick Bibout, Ed Jackson

Stephen MacDonald, Stephen Stuckey

Out in the City Ed Jackson

Bill Coukell, Andy Fabo, John Fletcher,

Jaimie Hubbard, Jon Kaplan, Paul Murphy,

Michael Wade, Andrew Zealley


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Letters/ Network Ken Popert/ John Allec

Layout and Production Rick Bibout

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Paul Bartlet, Robin Cass, Ian Campbell,

Norman Hatton, Bill Loos

and members of the collective.

Printing: Delta Web Graphics. Scarborough

Advertising Chris Bearchell, Gerald Hannon, Ken Popert

Mike Aoki, John Desputeau, Heidi Laudon, Gerry Oxford

Promotion Ken Popert

Subscriptions and Distribution Roger Spalding, Robert Trow

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Paul Rapsey, Stephen Stuckey, Ken West

The Body Politic is published ten times a year by Pink Triangle Press, a non-protit corporation, as a contribution to the building ol the gay movement and the growth ot gay consciousness Responsibility tor the content ot The Body Politic rests with the Body Politic Collective, an autonomous body operating within Pink Triangle Press The collective is a group ot people who regularly give their time and labour to the production ot this magazine The opinions ot the collective are represented only In editorials and clearly marked editorial essays Offices ol Tht Body Politic are located at 24 Duncan Street (tilth floor) in Toronto

The publication ot an advertisement in Tht Body Pontic does not mean that the collective endorses the advertiser

Mailing address The Body Politic. Box 7289. Stn A

Toronto. Ontario, Canada M5W 1X9

Phone (416) 977-6320

Available on microfilm from

UacLaren Micropublishlng. Box 972. Stn F

Toronto. Ontario. Canada M4Y 2N9

Copyright "• 1 98 1 Pink Triangle Press

2nd Class Mail Registration No 3245

ISSN 0315 3606


The Body Politic is a member of the Coalition lot

Gay Rights in Ontario and the Canadian

Periodical Publishers ' Association


Number 74 June 1981

a collection of images by

As if five raids in the last two years netting 332 arrests weren 't enough for the Toronto police, they're now putting pressure on the city's remaining bars and clubs, harassing individual gay people and dragging out vague conspiracy charges to slap down their critics. Gerald Hannon investigates, reports on the community that's working to stop them. Page 8

Last shot at legislated rights?

Ontario's new Tory legislature will soon be debating human rights code changes the last planned for a long, long time and, while some MPPs are with us, the odds aren 't in our favour. Page 1 1

Gay Bell: Guerrilla theatre

What do greasepaint and cheap sets have to do with unity between lesbians and gay men? Bell tells, page 25


The play of light on leather, skin and smoke photographer Norman Hatton. Page 21

Pornography as proof

Jane Rule is sceptical of Andrea Dworkin's preaching, but finds genuine her rage at the propaganda of woman-hating. Our Image, page 27

Couture crunch, His Worship and Her Ma]

The cast of Robin Hardy's "The Day the Homos Disappeared' ' returns with a new player in the mayoral role and a guest appearance by the Queen that's the Queen. Page 43

IGA: More conference blues

The divisions at the international gay and lesbian conference were all too familiar to Chris Bearchell, but so was the strength of the people she met. Page 24

Out in the City: What's on for June

TBP's day-by-day guide to Toronto gay life, with the spotlight this month on the Gay Community Choir. Page 33

Regular departments

Letters 4 Network 17 Thelvory Tunnel 32

Editorial 7 World News 19 Classifieds 38




Broken promise

Last month, we apologized for our failure to present the second part of ' ' The Spectre of San Francisco, ' ' and promised that it would appear this month. Unfortunately, we have to break that promise. Writers Michael Merrill and David Lamble in San Francisco have in- formed us that they are unable to complete work on the piece. Our apologies and theirs to those, like us, who were waiting lor Part Two.

Jane Rule's "So's Your Grandmother" normally scheduled lor this month, will return in our July/August issue.

Cover: photos by Squirrel; design by Rick Bibout

JUNE 1981




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The devil's handiwork

I have been thinking hard about the message contained in the charges laid recently by the Metropolitan Toronto Police against George Hislop and Peter Maloney, among others. These are some of the lessons I have learned:

Lesson 1 : Talking to someone about making money can be illegal if the objects to be sold in the business give its patrons erotic pleasure. What then about the sale of condoms and dia- phragms in drug stores? What about the goods sold in Linda's Love, Lace & Lingerie of 140 Yorkville Avenue in Toronto? What about the descendants of Tim Eaton and Jim Simpson who sell vibrators and other little gadgets in their department stores everywhere?

Lesson 2: Sending money to business partners outside the country or even to partners in it can be illegal. McDonald's, Imperial Oil and General Motors, look out!

Lesson 3: You may sell a man a whip for his horse or a brass ring for his bull's nose. You may sell him a chain or leather belt to put around his neck, waist or shoulders. But if you sell him a whip for his ass, or if you let him buy a chain, brass ring or leather strip to put around his genitals, you are selling obscene objects.

Clearly there is evil all around us and even the most common objects and everyday events can be transformed by it into sinister forces. We should be grateful to the police for opening our eyes and helping us see what can be nothing less than the devil's hand even in simple business transactions to say nothing, of course, about his doings in our pants, brassieres, shorts, swim suits, chiffoniers and nightgowns. Thorn Greenfield Toronto

Overt prejudice

I am writing as someone who always reads the classifieds in The Body Pol- itic. I often find them disturbing because of the high incidence of racism, ageism and "closetry."

For various reasons the classifieds under the heading "Friends" deal vir- tually exclusively with men. For the month of February, there were 41 en- tries under "Toronto." I read them all very carefully, five or six times each.

I began to list the Classifieds under different headings. Of the 41, 15 were either overtly or covertly racist. They ranged from "We are: white, 21-35, moustache, no beards, 5'8", well-built, good-looking. You are same" to the in- sidious liberal "(blacks welcome)." Overt racism is always easier to deal with. Covert racists often do not (or refuse to) realize their hidden feelings.

Ageism is an even more prevalent problem. Thirty of the 41 men specified age limits. Fifteen specified younger men. Twelve specified men of their own ages (plus or minus up to five years). Sixteen of the 41 were both racist and ageist, including one with "his head together." As an added bonus, he was also "straight-looking"(?).

The closet queens were (as usual) highly conspicuous. There were 16 of them. They ranged from the "mascu- line, straight-appearing, discreet" to the

"discreet, straight-appearing, masc- uline." "Discreet" means closety, nothing more. Dare anyone describe "straight-appearing" and "masculine" to me? Can anyone? Are we still too in- secure to be "overtly faggy fags"? Are we really forced to out-macho the straight men? "Straight-appearing" has frightening overtones. Will "Big and butch or dead" be the slogan of future gay men? It is the slogan of the closet.

Our communal house desperately needs renovation before it collapses killing all inside. How dare we, who are discriminated against, discriminate against others? John Yorke Toronto

No party line

Just a quick note to thank everyone for an excellent publication.

Having just read "Men Loving Boys Loving Men," I can't see what all the fuss is about. Somebody in Canada's legal system sounds like he isn't playing with a full deck.

As a subscriber, I say keep up the good work. You always produce thought-provoking issues sometimes I don't agree but that's the beauty of true Gay Liberation. No "party line" to follow.

Bob Brown, Chicago

Reopen the Richmond

I am very concerned to hear that the Richmond Street Health Emporium is closed. I hope that it will reopen shortly as I frequent it whenever I'm in town. I am very sympathetic to the men arrest- ed: I know one of them could have been me. If I can send a donation to help get the Emporium back on its feet, please tell me where to send it. Jim McDougall Point e Claire, Quebec


Just got my copy of the April TBP today and re-read my letter. I would like to report that this "fabulous evening" turned into a nightmare for me.

A full nine days after the demonstra- tion, on February 15, 1981, 1 was arrest- ed at the corner of Yonge and Wellesley as a friend and I were on our way to a local bar. The pig now says that he saw me "jump off the hood of a car and smash the windshield and headlight of a police car." He and his partner took me and my friend (whom I am really grate- ful to for accompanying me) down to 52 Division. While in custody for over two hours, I was subjected to much verbal abuse, hauled around in a paddy wag- on, handcuffed, taken up to headquar- ters and photographed, hand- and finger- printed. It's comforting to know that I'm one of the known homosexuals now.

This harrassment has resulted in strains on friends, family, my own finances and emotional well-being. But I will not let them knock me down!

There are several, indeed many fac- tors gathered in my defence that will be of definite help, but my friends, lawyer and family all agree that it will boil


JUNE 1981

"Are we still too insecure to be

'overtly faggy fags'? Are we really forced

to out-macho straight men?"

down to my word against the pig's. It's so strange having to prove my inno- cence; all the pig had to do was to accuse.

Roger Spencer Toronto

Support for disabled

This year is the International Year of the Handicapped, and I have not heard of any organization of handicapped gays in Canada. Reading your "Out in the City" section, I could not find a single activity to support, ameliorate and to advocate the rights, privileges and general welfare of gays who are un- fortunately physically and /or intellec- tually disabled.

Considering the size and the impor- tance of the Toronto gay community, which has long been the most progres- sive gay group in this country in terms of social and political actions, it is about time that something be done to recognize the existence of this forgotten minority and to set up some kind of large support organization for handi- capped gay Canadians not just for On- tario, but also for other provinces to follow. A clearly visible and well-organ- ized handicapped gay group will help promote the needs and goals of disabled gays and facilitate the members' reinte- gration in the mainstream of society.

I sincerely hope that you will cover any activities of disabled gays this year to encourage more recognition and acceptance of their presence. Fo Niemi Montreal

Immoral minority

How stupid can we be? The gay com- munity has a lot of growing up to do before I'll be anything but ashamed to admit I am part of it.

Like everyone, I feel badly for the people who got busted at the baths. But not really so badly as at the thought of the damage done to our gay credibility by our inability to police our own activi- ties. If we continue to have sex in shops, we will continue to be busted.

Because we keep showing straight society our lack of morality, they will

Police pansies

Just wondered if anyone had noticed that the flowers just planted in the big concrete planters along the side of Metro Police headquarters on Jarvis are pansies! Could there be a hidden message in there somewhere for us???

Neil Webster Toronto

keep assuming we have no morals. We are our own worst enemies. No wonder they keep saying such awful things about us. We keep putting the words in their mouths.

My subscription to TBP is overdue, but I won't be renewing it as long as TBP maintains its support of the people who keep dragging us all down by their lewd anti-social behaviour. I believe it's time we grew up and realized we have responsibilities too, just like anyone else, gay or straight.

When we can finally start working with straight society to build a mutually better world for all of us, I will be proud to be gay. Tom Fraser Semans, Sask

White niggers

This is in reference to a letter in your April issue. In it, T Farley mentions that the phrase "white niggers of America" had inappropriately been used to label Toronto gays, pointing out that the word "homosexual" did not have a spe- cific colour associated with it.

In the hope that a trivia item might be of interest to your readers, I would like to point out that this phrase was first used by the Quebec political activist Pierre Vallieres, who entitled one of his books, Negres blancs d'Amerique, in 1966. This expression was used to char- acterize the situation of the French- speaking Quebecois, who had long been used as cheap labour in the Montreal factories, among other situations of injustice. It was quite appropriate then, as the Quebecois form a rather homo- geneous group composed of descend- ants from France, all of whom were Caucasian.

It might also be of interest to point out that Pierre Vallieres has "come out" and is now a regular contributor to the Montreal-based ADGQ's monthly publication, Le Berdache.

Bernard Courte Longueuil, Quebec

Too damn fussy

I am a 20-year-old gay woman presently living in Moncton. It goes without saying that Moncton isn't a terribly opportune place to be when it comes to certain things.

Even though I don't subscribe to TBP (that's because I can't afford to spit), I do get it occasionally at the Turret, in Halifax, when I go. And you know, when I read it and see all the work and guts and intelligence that goes into its pages, I always find myself saying, "Those guys are doing one hell of a good job fighting to make it better for us." As for all those people who write in and complain about this and that, well (even though it's nice to get a contrast of feelings), you can please some of the people some of the time, but gay people tend to let their gayness make them too damn fussy.

There'll be an end to all the hassle some day 'cause nobody knows a wom- an better than a woman or a man better than a man. Kim Willmun Moncton

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Me and Harvey and est

Since reading Harvey Hamburg's article about est in the May issue of The Body Politic, I have felt the need to put for- ward my own experience. I took the est training in January 1980. I should first state that Harvey is a friend of mine. It was at my home that he attended an est coffee. My lover, Tom, and my mother and seven other friends, gay and straight, were also there.

I first heard about est at a friend's coffee in December 1979. Being both an analytical social worker and a stubborn Taurus, I was intrigued, skeptical, cautious and thoughtful about what I heard. Just signing up to take the train- ing at that coffee touched one of the areas in my life where I wanted to see some movement I wanted to be more spontaneous.

I brought all of these feelings and attitudes with me into the training, which takes approximately 60 hours over two consecutive weekends. Even after the first weekend, I, as well as those close to me, began noticing shifts in my reactions to situations that had previously hooked or triggered me.

Just a small example of this was my changed response to being a host for Tom and my many out-of-town guests. Previously, I would spend so much time planning, cleaning, shopping for and structuring the visit that my overriding sense of the experience was often that it was a lot of effort and inconvenience. Now, things get done in preparation, but my focus is more on enjoying the people. I could relate many more exam- ples of shifts in my life that are related to taking the est training. However, I'd like to focus in on the gay theme more specifically.

Within two months of the training, I accepted an invitation to audition for the role of Michael in Bruce Glawson's TV film, Michael: A Gay Son. This brought up for me the question of how high-profiled a gay person I wanted to be. My immediate family has known for nine years and my boss for two that I'm gay. But I'm a social worker treating adolescents, and my parents live in a small town not that far from Toron- to. Both these facts somehow influ- enced my willingness to be too "out." It was my recent est training experience that permitted me to confront the issue, as well as accept the role in the televi- sion drama. My parents' and boss's response to the film role were similar: uneasiness about some people's possible reactions and fear about my future, but also encouragement for me to go through with it. I am pleased to say that almost a year after the film's comple- tion, my relationships with my parents are closer now than ever and I'm still working at the same agency. In fact, the support I've received from many sources in my professional community has been overwhelming.

My involvement within the gay com- munity over the past one-and-a-half years has skyrocketed. My gay lifestyle in the first seven to eight years after coming out was all socially oriented around friends, bars, love affairs, din- ner parties and, eventually, baths. My gay awareness started to expand slowly when I moved to Toronto in 1977. I got into various gay sports groups. Just

before taking the training, I joined two other gay organizations, both of which brought little chance of exposure. After the training, my cautiousness definitely began lifting away. Since January 1980, an increasing amount of my energy has been directed toward supporting the network of gay self-help groups and encouraging the growth of new, exciting projects. I'm definitely feeling more and more energized and stimulated to parti- cipate in the gay community with each step I take. Indeed, writing this article and appearing at a press conference at city hall recently are further examples.

"In all my contacts with est, I have been encouraged to be myself, and my gayness has naturally, out of that process, emerged more and



Some people may feel all this is quite coincidental. However, I have approxi- mately 25 friends who have taken the training and, in different ways, each has testified to an expansion in their lives in the area of "health, happiness, love and self-expression." (This last phrase is from some literature put out by est.)

I felt Harvey's description of what he went through up to the time of de-regis- tering from the training was an honest and well-written report. But I object when he makes seemingly definite, cate- gorical statements about the way things are. For example, he said of a gay per- son who ticked one of the marital status boxes (single, married, separated, divorced or widowed) while filling in one of est' s registration forms: "their conviction (that est is for them) will not diminish their accountability, their responsibility for the oppression that their aquiescence makes possible." I feel this statement, as it is written, is arrogant and, from my perspective, un- true. I would have no trouble with it if Harvey had made it clear that this was his feeling rather than stating it as fact. In all my contacts with est, I have been encouraged to be myself and my gay- ness has naturally, out of that process, emerged, more and more. The range of est graduates that I've told that I'm gay has been amazing and I can't help but feel that this exposure of me to them and them to me adds to the gay lib- eration movement. I definitely do not feel that I have given in to heterosexual oppression through taking est. In fact, ironically, I am convinced that two of the biggest influences on me in my increasing gay awareness and liberation have been Harvey Hamburg and est.D


JUNE 1981

Conspirators all

Conspiracy. The word conjures up visions of Roman senators huddling in the shadows on some stormy night to plot assassination. Or a more modern image of trench-coated figures with sinister voices, planning some dastard- ly deed from which only Superman, James Bond or the Attorney General can save an unsuspecting world.

Conspiracy is a word heavy with images, a word ideal for manipulating public opinion and painting those accused with a sinister brush. Con- spiracy is also useful for prosecutors in the courts. To be found guilty of conspiracy one doesn't have to do anything except talk about doing something.

In Canada, conspiracy laws have a long history of use against people who rub the establishment the wrong way at the wrong time. Organizers of the Winnipeg general strike in 1919, members of the Communist Party in the 30s, the Doukhobors in the 50s and Quebec nationalists in the 70s have all faced charges of "seditious conspiracy." In the US, conspiracy charges were used against those opposed to the Vietnam war in the 60s and 70s.

In Canada the open-ended Section 423(2) of the Criminal Code provides that: "Everyone who conspires with anyone (a) to effect an unlawful pur- pose, or (b) to effect a lawful purpose by unlawful means, is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for two years." To con- spire to do something can be much more serious than to actually do it. An "unlawful" purpose could be anything from committing a crime to ignor- ing a city by-law. Trespassing, for example, is a minor charge, but talk to somebody about it and presto we have conspiracy to trespass, an in- dictable offence punishable by two years in prison.

In England we have just seen the successful prosecution of Tom O'Carroll of the Paedophile Information Exchange (PIE) on a charge of "conspiracy to corrupt public morals." And now in Toronto gay spokespersons and owners of small businesses are facing charges of "con- spiracy to possess proceeds obtained from the commission of an indictable offence and conspiracy to keep a common bawdy house, publish, distribute or circulate obscene matter, and selling obscene matter."

Writing about such conspiracy laws, the American jurist F B Sayre pointed out, "There will be a very real danger of courts being invoked, especially during periods of reaction, to punish as criminal, associations which for the time being are unpopular or stir up the prejudices of the social class in which the judges have for the most part been bred."

That is precisely the situation we are facing today.

For that reason The Body Politic and 34 other gay organizations in Toronto joined together to condemn the recent charges against gay leaders and businessmen as an attack against the whole gay community. The unity between women and men and between so-called "political" and "non- political" organizations testified to a new resolve among all parts of our community to stand up for one another in spite of traditional differences.

We came together because there is a conspiracy being plotted in Toronto which must be exposed. It is a conspiracy that extends its tentacles from Queen's Park into the hierarchy of our police force. It is a conspiracy to mislead the public, to slander lesbians and gay men and other minorities, to destroy our institutions and gathering places and to deprive us of our basic human rights.

If it is a conspiracy to speak out against that kind of injustice, if it is a conspiracy merely to own a business in the gay community, then there are many more conspirators among us than the six men charged. And we should be proud of it.

Conspirators and counsel: George Hislop, lawyer Morris Manning and activist Peter Maloney

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JUNE 1981


Street hassles, booze busts and conspiracy charges

the cops push and the community gets together to push back

Putting on the pressure

George Hislop came close to losing his cool one night recently at Buddy's Backroom Bar. Trying to talk down a happy-go-lucky, "I'm all right Jack" attitude from a group of bar patrons, he finally burst out, "Don't you realize they could close us all down?! There'll be no place left to go, there'll be nothing! They'll be all closed down!"

He said their reaction was, "You mean there'll be no place to go?"

For all its dubious claims to being the third largest gay community in North America, Toronto has a barely adequate commercial scene serving that com- munity, and most of that has developed only within the last five years. It is a fragile system, and it is beginning to feel the crunch.

Businesses have closed like the Richmond Street Health Emporium or the women's bar, The Fly By Night. Others, like The Barracks and The Club, have been forced to "clean up" their act and conform to someone's guess at what the prevailing moral climate will tolerate. Others report con- tinued visits from plainclothes cops, rumours of further raids, petty harass- ments under the liquor licence act and always, like the distant sound of war, reports of queer-bashings, police brutality, inexplicable arrests.

There was to have been a kind of of- ficial look at all of this, but Dr Dan Hill, the sociologist asked by city coun- cil to study ways of improving police/-

Standing together: Dan Healey (seated, centre) speaks for the assembled community April 23

gay relations, has decided, after two months of deliberations, not to take the job.

"I can't," he told TBP May 16. "I've been pretty swamped. It's too difficult for me to start on this right now and the mayor is anxious to begin right away."

Hill said he felt it should be a "major investigation" one that would in- clude lots of travel, "including to San Francisco where they are doing good things with the police," and he felt he just did not have the time for the job.

A source in the mayor's office says

Eggleton is already considering someone to replace Hill, but for the time being the closest thing to an independent in- quiry that the gay community has been able to get is on the skids. It is four months since the February 5 bath raids, and though the community is probably stronger and more organized than it has ever been (see story page 13), on an of- ficial level nothing has changed. The forces unleashed during the bath raids continue to plague the community, and in the absence of any censure from above, will continue to do so.

Money, mathematics and the Mafia

Half a million dollars sounds like a lot of money.

That's the alleged "take" in the big conspiracy scam the Toronto police are alleging and publicizing. "Approximately $500,000 in a three-year period," their press release reads, "had been received by the two Americans and persons in Toron- to." That's the charge that finally materialized out of all the dark hints of organized crime connections to the US that emanated from the police depart- ment after the bath raids.

It's not exactly in the same league as General Motors when it comes to funnel- ing Canadian cash to the US, but it does sound like a lot of money until you start to look at the mathematics of it.

For starters, that total presumably represents the receipts from two businesses over a three-year period which reduces to something like $3,000 a week between two businesses and that sounds a great deal less astronomical, especially since the police aren't saying if that's net or gross.

According to Peter Maloney and Club Bath Chain head Jack Campbell, the only money other than dividends which goes to Club Bath Chain headquarters in Miami is a share of the advertising costs incurred by taking out large cooperative ads for the bath chain in American gay papers, and the cost of plastic Club Bath Chain membership cards.

So much for the homosexual money machine grinding out fat bucks at such a pace that something sinister had to be go- ing on.

Now it's probably true that the lion's share of that money went to Jack Camp- bell and Ray Diemer, the American in- vestors. In 1977 at least, papers filed with the Ontario Ministry of Consumer and Corporate Affairs show that, between them, Campbell and Diemer owned 75% of the Club Toronto and 33% of The Barracks.

Is the American connection criminal? Are those monies, small as they are, pouring into the coffers of organized crime?

I took the trouble of contacting the Organized Crime Bureau of the Dade County Public Safety Department in Miami. I wanted to know their perception of the gay bath scene in general, and whether they had anything on the Miami- based Club Bath Chain in particular.

"I'm totally unaware of anything and I'm in Intelligence," Detective Wayne Adams told me. "To my knowledge we have nothing like that here. In massage parlours we've had that kind of thing, but not the baths." He promised to look into it further for me, however, and when I called back a few days later he gave me the results in his best American cop-talk: "Zero, buddy."

I also contacted Jack Key, Chief In-

vestigative Officer for the Permanent Committee of Investigation of the United States Senate, a group responsible for organized crime investigations across the States. "We've never gotten into that area," he told me, and added that no in- formation coming to them suggested the gay bath scene would be a likely area to investigate. However, he did recall one incident several years ago when organized crime had tried to muscle in on a gay hotel in Fort Lauderdale.

Captain Joe Gerwens, head of Intel- ligence for the Fort Lauderdale Police, certainly remembers that incident. He says mob money backed a hotel which wasn't pulling in the bucks fast enough, so the "investors" tried the classic solu- tion. They tried to torch it. The attempt failed, but Gerwens says the police haven't been able to indict anyone.

He too feels that, until relatively recently, organized crime has pretty much left the gay scene alone, but added, "I would predict that in the next several years organized crime in gay clubs and baths will be our biggest problem in south Florida."

"It's such a lucrative thing, and there's a lot of in-fighting for control."

The names Jack Campbell and Club Bath Chain, however, were not familiar to Gerwens. As well, he said that off the top of his head, he was unaware of any criminal connections with Canada.

Chances are that the only people get- ting money out of the Club Toronto and The Barracks are the original investors who put money into them.D

Some of what is happening in our community can, of course, be attributed to paranoia, or coincidence, or the more-or-less routine intrusion of the state into our affairs. But the effect on the quality of our lives is such that it doesn't matter whether any particular event is a calculated attack or purely ac- cidental: it is generally agreed, for ex- ample, that the closing of the lesbian bar Fly By Night had nothing to do with the bath raids, but the fact remains that one of the very few lesbian bars in the city is now closed.

Much of what is happening, though, is very real and very much not coin- cidence.

About 10:15 pm April 21 I got a call from George Hislop. "They've dropped the other shoe," he said. He'd been told to present himself, along with fellow businessmen Rick Stenhouse and Jerry Levy, and gay activist Peter Maloney, at 52 Division at noon the following day to be taken into custody and charged. It was the middle of The Barracks trial, and that very morning Judge Harold Rice had refused to grant a defence motion to throw the case out of court. That decision seemed to be the signal the police had been waiting for.

The "other shoe" proved to be a be- wildering array of new charges, the most serious relating to conspiracy, against six individuals, three of whom were already on trial on charges arising out of the first raid on The Barracks two and a half years ago.

This is where it gets complicated.